Pajamas or pyjamas, often shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can refer to quite a few similar types of garments originating from your Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are loose-fitting garments derived from the initial garment and worn chiefly for sleeping,[one] but from time to time also for lounging,[two] also by the two sexes. Extra frequently, pajamas may well consult with numerous clothes, for equally daywear and nightwear, derived from standard pajamas and involving variants of style and product.
The phrase pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[six] The original pyjāmā are unfastened, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Business rule in India.[seven]
The all over the world utilization of pajamas (the term as well as the garment) is the results of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and nineteenth centuries, as well as British influence on the wider Western world over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been launched to England as "lounging apparel" as early given that the seventeenth century, then called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they soon fell from manner. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the 1st half on the nineteenth century. They didn't turn into a fashion in Britain along with the Western environment as sleeping attire for men until finally the Victorian period of time, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of usage at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is employed by various individuals in India e.g. by Girls of assorted lessons, by Sikh men, and most by Mohammedans of both sexes. It was adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an report of dishabille and of evening apparel, and is also synonymous with Very long Drawers, More Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It is actually possible that we English took the practice like a excellent a lot of Other folks with the Portuguese. As a result Pyrard (c. 1610) states, in Talking of Goa Medical center: "Ils ont force calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The term is currently Employed in London stores. A friend furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Street, some on forty a long time back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination crafted from delicate cloth, like flannel or light-weight cotton. The jacket aspect typically contains a placket front and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals choose to slumber or lounge More in just the pajama trousers, possibly having a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama pants for men and boys will often be offered as separates.
In colloquial speech, these common pajamas are frequently identified as PJs, jim jams, or jammies. In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally generally known as night fits.
Some pajamas aspect a drop seat (often called a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening from the seat, designed to allow the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-initially century they are fairly exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many versions in type which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different duration,[sixteen] or, occasionally, one particular-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating many supplies. Chiefly while in the US, extend-knit snooze clothing with rib-knit trimmings are common. Generally worn by youngsters, these clothes generally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a person-piece), and may also be footed.
Even though pajamas are generally distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments for example nightgowns, from the US, they may have in some cases included the latter as being a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of limited gown prime in excess of shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may possibly currently check with Women of all ages's blend daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked within the early twentieth century, consisting of brief-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these involve capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.