Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can confer with various related kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging,[two] also by both sexes. Much more typically, pajamas could confer with various clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variants of favor and substance.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 through the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), by itself borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'. The original pyjāmā are loose, lightweight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans during East India Company rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase along with the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging apparel" as early as being the seventeenth century, then often known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nevertheless they quickly fell from fashion. The term pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the main 50 percent on the nineteenth century. They did not become a vogue in Britain along with the Western planet as sleeping attire for guys right up until the Victorian time period, from about 1870.
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Text and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by numerous folks in India e.g. by Gals of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an posting of dishabille and of evening attire, and is synonymous with Extensive Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It can be probable that we English took the habit similar to a excellent many Many others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont pressure calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with those furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it's due to White Ants."
Standard pajamas encompass a jacket-and-pants blend made from smooth fabric, for instance flannel or lightweight cotton.[eleven] The jacket element normally has a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Lots of individuals opt to snooze or lounge in just the pajama pants, possibly with a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. This is why, pajama trousers for men and boys in many cases are sold as separates.
In colloquial speech, these classic pajamas are often referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are sometimes called night time suits.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also known as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening in the seat, created to enable the wearer to conveniently use a toilet. Fall seats were being very common on pajamas manufactured ahead of the 1950s, but inside the early 20-to start with century They're relatively scarce.
Up to date pajamas are derived from regular pajamas. There are many variations in type which include short sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms of various duration,[sixteen] or, on occasion, 1-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating a zenske pidzame variety of products. Mainly in the US, stretch-knit rest attire with rib-knit trimmings are widespread. Commonly worn by children, these garments frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
While pajamas usually are distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes which include nightgowns, in the US, they've at times incorporated the latter being a prime. Babydoll pyjamas Use a form of small costume top rated about shorts or shorter trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well currently seek advice from Women of all ages's mix daywear, specifically in the US wherever they turned well known from the early twentieth century, consisting of small-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and light-weight pants. Examples of these consist of capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.